Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

Limited Liability Partnership

Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) has become a preferred form of organisation among entrepreneurs in India, as it combines the benefits of both a partnership firm and a company. As suggested by its name, an LLP is a partnership established by a minimum of two partners who enter into an LLP agreement. The distinguishing feature of an LLP is that its partners have limited liability, similar to shareholders in a company, and the LLP enjoys perpetual succession to a corporation.

Limited Liability Partnership The concept of the LLP was introduced in India through the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008. This act governs the formation, regulation, and dissolution of LLPs in the country. To incorporate an LLP, a minimum of two partners is required, but there is no upper limit on the number of partners.

Among the partners, at least two must be designated partners, who are natural persons, and at least one of them must be a resident of India. The designated partners have specific rights and duties as outlined in the LLP agreement and are directly responsible for ensuring compliance with all the provisions of the LLP Act, 2008, and the LLP agreement.


LLP Registration Prerequisites and Eligibility Conditions

To qualify for the registration of a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) in India, you must adhere to the following criteria:

  1. Minimum of Two Partners: Establishing an LLP in India requires a minimum of two partners, with no upper limit on the maximum number of partners.
  2. Designated Partners: Limited Liability Partnership At least two designated partners are mandatory within the partnership. These designated partners must be natural individuals, and at least one of them must be a resident of India.
  3. Nomination for Body Corporate Partner: If a body corporate is a partner in the LLP, it must designate a natural person to act as its representative.
  4. Agreed Contribution: Each partner is required to contribute to the shared capital of the LLP as stipulated and agreed upon in the LLP agreement.
  5. Minimum Authorised Capital: The LLP must have an authorised capital of at least Rs. 1 lakh.
  6. Indian Resident Designated Partner: At least one designated partner must hold resident status in India.

These criteria ensure that LLPs in India are established and operate in compliance with the regulatory framework provided by the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008.

Limited Liability Partnership
Limited Liability Partnership


Features of LLP

  1. Legal Identity: An LLP has a separate legal identity, similar to large companies. This means it is recognized as its own “person” in terms of rights and responsibilities, distinct from its owners.
  2. At Least Two Partners: To form an LLP, a minimum of two partners is required. This collaborative approach facilitates the establishment and operation of the business.
  3. No Partner Limit: Unlike some other business structures, there is no maximum limit on the number of partners in an LLP. This flexibility allows for easy expansion and the inclusion of more partners.
  4. Two Designated Partners: An LLP must have at least two designated partners who are natural individuals. At least one of these Authorized partners must be a resident of India.
  5. Limited Liability: A significant advantage of an LLP is that each partner’s liability is limited to their agreed contribution. This means personal assets are protected from business liabilities.
  6. Cost-Effective Start: Establishing an LLP is generally less expensive than setting up a large company, making it an attractive option for smaller businesses.
  7. Fewer Regulations: LLPs are subject to fewer regulations compared to larger companies, resulting in less paperwork and reduced compliance burdens.
  8. No Minimum Capital Requirement: Limited Liability Partnership Unlike larger companies, there is no mandatory minimum capital required to start an LLP. Partners can contribute as much or as little as they can afford.

These features make LLPs a versatile and attractive business structure for entrepreneurs in India, combining the benefits of both partnerships and companies.


Advantages of LLP

The advantages of a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) are elaborated in detail below:

  1. Own Legal Identity: An LLP has a separate legal identity, much like large companies. This characteristic allows the LLP to enter into contracts, own property, and engage in legal proceedings independently, thereby enhancing trust and credibility among clients, suppliers, and investors.
  2. Limited Liability for Partners: Limited Liability Partnership One of the primary benefits of an LLP is that partners have limited liability. They are only liable for the amount they have invested in the LLP and are not personally responsible for the business’s debts and losses. This protection helps safeguard the personal assets of the partners.
  3. Cost-Effective and Time-Saving: Setting up an LLP is generally more cost-effective compared to establishing a large company. The compliance requirements are also less stringent, resulting in reduced paperwork and administrative burdens. This makes managing an LLP more straightforward and less time-consuming.
  4. No Minimum Capital Requirement: There is no mandatory minimum capital required to start an LLP. Partners can contribute whatever amount they are comfortable with, making it accessible for businesses of various sizes and financial capabilities.

These advantages make LLPs an attractive business structure for entrepreneurs, offering flexibility, protection, and cost savings while maintaining the benefits of a corporate entity.


Disadvantages of LLP

Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) present numerous advantages, but there are a few inherent disadvantages:

  1. Compliance and Penalties: Although LLPs have fewer regulatory requirements compared to larger companies, they must still comply with certain regulations. Failure to meet these compliance requirements on time can result in significant fines and penalties. Even if an LLP is inactive, it must file mandatory returns to the government to avoid fines.
  2. Mandatory Dissolution with Insufficient Partners: An LLP must have at least two partners. If the number of partners falls below two for more than six months, the LLP may be required to dissolve. Additionally, if the LLP is unable to pay its debts, it may face compulsory dissolution.
  3. Challenges in Raising Capital: Unlike corporations, LLPs cannot raise capital by issuing shares to the public. This limitation makes it difficult for LLPs to attract large investments from external investors. Consequently, LLPs may struggle to secure substantial funding for expansion and growth compared to publicly traded companies.

These disadvantages highlight some of the challenges associated with operating an LLP, despite its many benefits.


Documents Required for LLP Registration

To initiate the registration process for a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), partners are required to furnish the following documents:

  1. PAN Card/ID Proof of Partners: Each partner must provide a PAN card as the primary identification proof.
  2. Address Proof of Partners: Partners can submit any of the following documents:
    • Voter’s ID
    • Passport
    • Driver’s Licence
    • Aadhar Card
  3. Residence Proof of Partners: Partners need to provide recent documents such as:
    • Bank statement
    • Telephone bill
    • Mobile bill
    • Electricity bill
  4. Passport-size Photograph: Each partner should provide a passport-size photograph with a white background.
  5. For Foreign Nationals and NRIs: Foreign nationals and NRIs intending to partner in an Indian LLP should submit:
    • Passport
    • Proof of address, such as a driving licence, bank statement, residence card, or any government-issued identity proof containing the address.
  6. Proof of Registered Office Address: 
    • Landlord’s rent agreement and a no-objection certificate (NOC) if the office space is rented.
    • A recent utility bill (gas, electricity, or telephone) showing the complete address and the owner’s name. This bill should not be more than two months old.
  7. Digital Signature Certificate (DSC): At least one designated partner must have a DSC for digitally signing documents.

These documents are essential for the successful registration of an LLP in India, ensuring compliance with legal requirements and smooth processing of the application.


LLP Forms

Form Name Purpose of the Form
FiLLiP Form for incorporation of LLP
RUN LLP Form for reserving a name for the LLP
Form 3 Information about LLP agreement
Form 8 Statement of Account and Solvency
Form 11 Annual Return of Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)
Form 24 Application to the Registrar of Companies for striking off the name of LLP


Strategy for LLP Registration

Incorporating an LLP involves several crucial steps. Here’s a comprehensive guide to Incorporating your LLP:

  1. Digital Signature Certificate (DSC):- All proposed partners must obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) as government filings require digital signatures.
  2. Director Identification Number (DIN):- Partners without a DIN need to apply for one. DIN is a unique identification number assigned to individuals aspiring to become Authorized partners in LLPs.
  3. Choose a Name for the LLP:- Select a unique and suitable name for your LLP, adhering to Ministry of Corporate Affairs guidelines.
  4. Form for Incorporation of LLP (FiLLiP):- Fill out the FiLLiP form with essential information about the proposed LLP, partners, LLP agreement, and registered office address. 
  5. Draft LLP Agreement:- Create the LLP Agreement outlining partner rights, duties, and obligations. This agreement should be notarized and filed with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs within 30 days of incorporation.
  6. Obtain Certificate of Incorporation:- Once forms and documents are filed and verified, the Registrar of Companies (RoC) will issue the Certificate of Incorporation, officially recognizing the LLP’s existence.
  7. Apply for PAN and TAN:- After obtaining the Certificate of Incorporation, apply for the Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN) for the LLP.

By diligently following these steps, you can successfully register your LLP and embark on your entrepreneurial venture.

LLP Registration Made Possible with TAXGYANY PRO PVT LTD

Taxgyany  Pro Private Limited  is assisting with LLP registration. They likely provide professional services and guidance to streamline the registration process, ensuring compliance with all legal requirements. If you have any questions or need further assistance regarding LLP registration, feel free to ask!

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