What is the Private Limited Formation

What is the Private Limited Formation

What is the Private Limited Formation Registering a Private Limited Company in India is a straight forward process that can be completed online through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) portal. This type of company structure is ideal for small businesses as it limits the liability of owners to their shareholdings, restricts the number of shareholders to 200, and prohibits the public trading of shares.

What is the Private Limited Formation In India, a private limited company is a popular business structure due to its numerous advantages, including limited liability protection, ease of formation and maintenance, and recognition as a distinct legal entity. What is the Private Limited Formation This type of company offers legal separation from its owners and requires a minimum of two members and two directors to operate. 

What is the Private Limited Formation
What is the Private Limited Formation


Key Features of a Private Limited Company in India

  • Limited Liability Protection:- Shareholders’ liability is limited to their shareholdings, protecting personal assets from business debts and liabilities.
  1. Separate Legal Entity:- The company is recognized as a separate legal entity, distinct from its owners, allowing it to own property, incur debts, sue, and be sued in its name.
  2. Minimum and Maximum Members:- Requires at least two members (shareholders) and can have up to 200 members.
  3. Minimum Directors:- Requires a minimum of two directors to manage the company.
  4. No Public Trading of Shares:- Shares of the company cannot be publicly traded on the stock exchange, maintaining the privacy of ownership.
  5. Perpetual Succession:- The company continues to exist regardless of changes in ownership or the death of shareholders.
  6. Easy Transferability of Shares:- Shares can be easily transferred among members, subject to the articles of association.
  7. Ease of Raising Funds:- Easier access to funding from investors, banks, and financial institutions compared to other business structures.
  8. Compliance and Regulatory Requirements:- Must comply with regulatory requirements set by the Companies Act, 2013, including filing annual returns and financial statements with the Registrar of Companies (RoC).

Advantages of a Private Limited Company

A Private Limited Company is one of the most favoured business structures in India due to its numerous benefits. Here’s an overview of its advantages, along with a balanced look at its disadvantages:


  1. Limited Liability:- Shareholders’ liability is limited to their capital investment. This means personal assets are protected from the company’s financial liabilities and obligations.
  2. Separate Legal Entity:- A Private Limited Company is legally independent from its owners. What is the Private Limited Formation  It can own property, enter into contracts, and conduct legal proceedings in its own name.
  3. Perpetual Succession:- The company’s existence is not affected by changes in ownership or management. It continues to exist even if the shareholders or directors change or pass away.
  4. Ease of Raising Funds:- Capital can be raised more easily by issuing shares to investors, venture capitalists, or angel investors. What is the Private Limited Formation This structure is attractive to external investors.
  5. Tax Benefits:- Private Limited Companies can avail various tax deductions and benefits, making them tax-efficient entities.
  6. Enhanced Credibility:- The suffix “Pvt. Ltd.” after the company name enhances credibility and trust between client, suppliers, and partners. It signifies a formalised and stable business structure.



  • Compliance Burden: Stringent regulatory requirements and mandatory audits.
  • Complex Setup: Higher costs and more complex formation process.
  • Share Limits: Restricted share transfers and a maximum of 200 shareholders.
  • Public Disclosure: Financial information must be publicly disclosed, affecting privacy.
  • Exit Complexity: More complicated exit and transfer procedures.
  • Slower Decision-Making: Involvement of multiple stakeholders can slow down decision processes.

Requirements for Registering a Private Limited Company in India


Directors and Members:

  •  Minimum Directors and Members: As per the Companies Act of 2013, a Private Limited Company in India requires a minimum of two directors and can have up to 200 members. What is the Private Limited Formation
  • Director Identification Number (DIN): Each director must obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).
  • Resident Director:  At least one of the directors must be a resident of India, meaning they have spent at least 182 days in India during the previous calendar year.

Company Name:

  • Business Reflection: The chosen name should accurately reflect the principal activity of the business.
  • Uniqueness and Compliance: eThe name should be unique and comply with the naming guidelines provided by the MCA, avoiding any similarities with existing company names or trademarks.

Address of the Registered Office:

  • Permanent Address Submission: After completing the company registration process, the company must provide the permanent address of its registered office to the company registrar.
  • Operational Base: The registered office is the official address where business operations are conducted, and where all important company documents and records are maintained.

Company Registration Process in India

Registering a company in India involves a clear and systematic five-step process. Here’s a detailed breakdown:

Step 1: Acquire a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)

  1. Purpose: Essential for signing electronic documents during the company registration process.
  2. Requirements:
    • Each director and shareholder must obtain a DSC issued by the Controller of Certification Agencies (CCA).
    • Necessary documents include passport-sized photos, PAN, Aadhaar Card, phone number, and email address.
    • Foreign nationals must provide notarized and apostilled documents if applicable.

Step 2: Obtain Director Identification Number (DIN)

  1. Purpose: Required for individuals intending to be directors of the company.
  2. Process:
    • Apply for a DIN through the SPICe+ (Simplified Proforma for Incorporating Company Electronically) form.
    • Ensure to provide the DIN in the company registration form.

Step 3: Name Reservation for the Company (SPICe+ Part A)

  1. Purpose: Secure a unique company name.
  2. Process:
    • Complete the SPICe+ Part A form.
    • Select the company type, class, category, and sub-category.
    • Specify the primary division of industrial activity.
    • Provide a comprehensive business description and propose up to two names for approval.

Step 4: Submission of Company Details (SPICe+ Part B)

  1. Purpose: Provide detailed company information.
  2. Process:
    • Complete SPICe+ Part B form with details about capital, registered office address, subscribers, directors, and other required information.
    • Ensure compliance with the Companies Act 2013.
    • Apply for PAN and TAN.
    • Obtain digital signatures from assisting professionals.

Step 5: Preparation and Submission of Incorporation Forms (SPICe+ MOA and AOA)

  1. Purpose: Define the company’s constitution and internal regulations.
  2. Process:
    • Draft the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA).
    • Obtain digital signatures from subscribers and professionals.
    • Submit these documents to the MCA for approval.

Additional Filing: AGILE-PRO-S Form

  1. Purpose: Register for GST, EPFO, ESIC, a bank account, and a shop and establishment licence (state-dependent).
  2. Process: Complete and file the AGILE-PRO-S form along with SPICe+ forms.

Certificate of Incorporation

  1. Issuance: Upon successful verification of documents, the MCA will issue the Certificate of Incorporation (COI).
  2. Contents: The COI includes the Company Identification Number (CIN), PAN, and TAN.

Document Checklist

For Indian Nationals:

  • Self-attested copy of PAN card
  • Passport-sized photograph
  • Aadhaar Card
  • Proof of identity (e.g., passport, voter ID, driving license)
  • Address proof (e.g., bank statement, electricity bill)

For Foreign Nationals:

  • Notarized copy of passport
  • Passport-sized photograph
  • Notarized address proof (e.g., utility bill, bank statement)

Registered Office Documents:

  • Proof of business address (e.g., utility bill, property tax receipt)
  • Copy of the rent agreement (if applicable)
  • Owner’s No Objection Certificate (NOC) if the office is rented

By following these steps meticulously and ensuring all documentation is accurate and complete, you can successfully register a Private Limited Company in India.


What is the Private Limited Formation Taxgyany Pro Private Limited  to register your Private Limited Company in India can simplify the process and ensure compliance with all regulatory requirements. What is the Private Limited Formation Taxgyany’s services include obtaining DSC and DIN, name reservation, filing incorporation forms, and additional registrations for GST, EPFO, ESIC, and more. What is the Private Limited Formation 32wqBy following these steps and utilising their expertise, you can successfully establish your company. For more information please visit our website


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